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Page URL: https://practice.orangatamariki.govt.nz/our-work/practice-tools/the-tuituia-framework-and-tools/the-tuituia-framework-and-domains/familywhanauhapuiwi-tuituia-subdomain/
Printed: 22/10/2019
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Last updated: 01/04/2019

Family/whānau/hapū/iwi — Tuituia subdomain

This domain explores family/whānau structure and functioning through their connections and relationships and how this impacts on meeting mokopuna needs.

Subdomain: Extended family/whānau connections & relationships

Assessment prompts

  • What is the family structure – who is in the family, in which generations, how are they connected, where are they living?
  • What is the nature and quality of relationships between family members – who are close to each other, or don’t get on, frequency of contact with each other?
  • Use a genogram to map out who is in the family and how they are connected.
  • Where does the mokopuna place themselves within their family/whānau?
  • Use a genogram to map out who is in the family and how they are connected.
  • How do the connections and relationships provide safety and support for mokopuna?
  • Are relationships sustainable over time?
  • What level of support does the mokopuna get from the wider family?
  • How are hapū/iwi connections and relationships experienced by mokopuna Māori?
  • If mokopuna do not live with their parent/s or a family member:
    • How are parental and other family relationships maintained?
    • How are hapū/iwi connections and relationships for mokopuna Māori maintained?

Descriptors: extended family/whānau connections & relationships

Kaitiaki Mokopuna lens

10 — Family/whānau connections are positive and provide an anchor point and place of support. Relationships actively promote the child and young person’s wellbeing.

5 — Beginning to connect with family/whānau and build relationships that promote and support safe care. Family/whānau network is supportive but are geographically remote and unable to provide practical support.

1 — Has no knowledge of or is disconnected from family/whānau either by choice or circumstances. Family/whānau reinforces harmful or anti-social/offending behaviour, or is critical and undermining.

Subdomain: Family/whānau history and functioning

Understanding past history helps identify how the family needs of mokopuna have been met and at what points in their life have needs been neglected. It is important to look for patterns as these might indicate time specific reactions to earlier life events for both the mokopuna and their adult family members or members of their ‘foster’ family. This includes:

  • family routines and lifestyle
  • parents’ childhood experiences
  • chronology of significant life events and their meaning to family members
  • nature of family functioning and intergenerational patterns – especially those where transience, drug and alcohol use, abuse and neglect, violence, social isolation and criminal behaviour is featured.

Assessment prompts

  • What are the interactions and behaviours between family members in achieving family functions – listening and speaking to each other, interest, concern and affection for each other, roles, rules, expectations and boundaries, conflict management?
  • What are the family strengths and resources – in challenging situations, problem solving, support and encouragement?
  • What have been family’s difficulties across generations – health concerns, drug/alcohol use, violence, crime, separation/divorce of parents?
  • What are the recurring patterns within this family?

Descriptors: family/whānau history and functioning

10 — Positive family/whānau history and functioning. No history of offending or has demonstrated the ability to make and sustain positive change.

5 — History shows adequate parenting with periods of poor functioning. They mostly engage with services when needed but require support to remain engaged.

1 — Family/whānau has an extensive history of maltreatment and neglect, violence, drug and alcohol use and/or criminal behaviour.

Subdomain: Stability

When assessing mokopuna ora it is important to consider the history and functioning of the wider family/whānau and how this is or has impacted on the stability of the mokopuna. Frequent moves can have profound effects on mokopuna disrupting their education, their friendships formed, and their emotional wellbeing. Each move of location, change of school, change of caregiver is another loss experienced.

Use a timeline to map out the life journey for this mokopuna.

Assessment prompts

  • How many changes of caregiver has the mokopuna had?
  • What impact has changes in caregiver had for the mokopuna?
  • To what extent does the mokopuna understand why these changes occurred?
  • How much control did/do they have over where and with whom they live?

Descriptors: stability

10 – Has a stable base to call home or changes in living circumstances are organised, follow a routine and there is no evidence of negative impact on child or young person’s wellbeing.

5 – Has had changes in living circumstances but they usually follow a routine that is understood by the child or young person, and there is some stability of caregiver.

1 – Has experienced multiple moves and/or changes of caregiver. Not supported by family/whānau or home for life family. Currently has no place to live, cannot be found or frequently runs away from usual caregiver.