Upcoming changes for this guidance
This content will be strengthened so it more completely reflects our commitment to practice framed by te Tiriti o Waitangi, based on a mana-enhancing paradigm for practice, and drawing from Te Ao Māori principles of oranga to support mana tamaiti, whakapapa and whanaungatanga. We each need to consider how we can apply these principles to our practice when reading this guidance. The following resources provide support:
Practice for working effectively with Māori
Our practice shift
Preparing for a supervision session
Things you could do to prepare for a supervision session include:
- Thinking about the key things you need to discuss during your supervision session.
- Setting up an agenda with your priorities for discussion.
- Reflecting on the key objectives and the support you need for your practice decisions.
- Organising and taking with you up-to-date records, case notes and other material to help inform any decision-making.
Using supervision to guide professional growth
As well as your practice, supervision should guide your professional growth. You may want to discuss particular topics relevant to your goals with your supervisor.
You could prepare for this by doing some prior reading and bringing a relevant article to discuss.
Using supervision to manage stress and trauma
You should also use supervision sessions to reflect on your own wellbeing, and to consider any impacts of working with tamariki who have experienced complex trauma.
Structuring the session
There are different models you can use for critical reflection in a supervision session.
You or your supervisor could:
- use prompt questions
- discuss different scenarios for practice
- use an Appreciative Inquiry approach
- focus on feedback from tamariki, whānau and caregivers on specific aspects of your practice or decisions that have been made.
Map of session stages and phases
Kieran O’Donoghue (2014) proposes an interactional map for the supervision session. The relationship between supervisee and supervisor is interactional and collaborative.
This process is also useful:
- for assisting new supervisees and supervisors as a lead-in to their initial discussions
- to help guide a session back into focus
- as a method to review sessions.
- Continual consideration
- Session preparation
- Reviewing records
- Thinking about the forthcoming session
- Attending to the setting
- Social engagement
Supervisee and supervisor phases:
- Agenda setting
- Prioritising items
- Telling the story or presenting an item
- Clarifying and exploring the story or issue
- Summary and review
- The practicalities of next session
- Reviewing what was covered
- Finishing up the session
- Finishing the notes
We must maintain a supervision record for each session that captures discussions and agreed actions. It also provides evidence of attendance.