Unable or unwilling to care for te tamaiti
There are many reasons that a parent may be unable or unwilling to care for te tamaiti, including death, incarceration, illness, substance abuse and financial instability or being unwilling to provide care, support or supervision for te tamaiti.
Unable or unwilling is used to describe a variety of behaviors. Specific examples vary but may include:
- leaving te tamaiti with another person without provision for their support and without meaningful communication with te tamaiti for long periods of time
- making only minimal efforts to support and communicate with te tamaiti
- being absent from the home for a period of time that created a substantial risk of serious harm to te tamaiti left in the home.
Use Tuituia to explore the reasons why such actions have been taken and involve family/whānau, hapū and iwi early to ensure whakapapa and whanaungatanga links and connections are identified, supported and maintained.
Abandonment is different to being unable and unwilling to care for a tamaiti as it is when there are no means of identifying the parent or family/whānau of a tamaiti who is left without care — for example, leaving te tamaiti in a basket on a doorstep with no means of identification and then no response to requests to claim te tamaiti.
No family group conference can be held without the identification of family/whānau, so the legislation does not require one to be held.