Names, relationships, finances, wills and passports
Updated: 21 July 2014
On this page you'll find information on when a name change is sought for a child or young person, when a young person in the chief executive's custody wishes to marry, as well as managing children's finances, wills and passports.
Updated information on name changes and marriages has been added to Explaining rights and entitlements to tamariki and rangatahi.
Finances of the child or young person
A child or young person's personal finances include their pocket money, their earnings and any other income.
A child or young person in care should have their own bank account, and there needs to be some consideration given to the best way to manage that account. This includes what access the child or young person should have to the account themselves.
If a child or young person's income is more significant than pocket money or job earnings (e.g. compensation or trust monies), then it may be appropriate to place the monies in a trust account for the child or young person's future use. Seek advice from your site legal advisor regarding establishment of a trust account.
Any monies held in trust or in a bank account of a child or young person in the care of the chief executive are the property of that child or young person and are held for their benefit. The funds are not to be used for any other purpose. In the case of any receipt of compensation or trust monies, seek advice from your site legal advisor.
Authority to control the income and earnings of a young person in care is provided for under s390 of the Oranga Tamariki Act 1989.
There is no specific requirement for a young person to make a will - this is a decision for a young person to make. However, any person over the age of 18 years who is under the guardianship of the chief executive and who has a significant amount of assets or money invested would be well advised to make a will.
Any young person between the ages of 16 and 18 years can make a will if they so choose.
Overseas travel is a guardianship decision and any child or young person under the age of 16 requires the consent of a parent of guardian before a passport can be issued. The chief executive as a sole or additional guardian may consent to the application for a passport. If the chief executive is an additional guardian, the social worker must first seek the consent of the other guardians. If consent is refused, seek legal advice.
The requirements for issuing a passport to a child or young person under the age of 16 years when they are under the guardianship of the chief executive are set out in the Passport Act 1992. This requires that:
- a site manager confirms in writing, on letterhead, that the person who completed 'Section 10: Consent for issue of a passport to a child' of the application form has the authority to do so on behalf of the chief executive and that they have consulted with the other parents or guardians of the child or young person making the application
- a social worker or someone who fits the criteria for being the 'child witness' (as outlined in the guidance notes of the application form) needs to complete 'Section 11: Witness section'
- the original guardianship order accompanies the passport application.
When a young person is 16 years old they can complete their own passport application. However they still need someone who fits the criteria to complete Section 11 and arrange financial support.
For information regarding the international travel of a child or young person in the custody of the chief executive go to theWhen children and young people move policy.