Upcoming changes for this content
This content will be strengthened so it more completely reflects our commitment to practice framed by te Tiriti o Waitangi, based on a mana-enhancing paradigm for practice, and drawing from Te Ao Māori principles of oranga to support mana tamaiti, whakapapa and whanaungatanga. We each need to consider how we can apply these principles to our practice when reading this content. The following resources provide support:
Practice for working effectively with Māori
Our practice approach
Physical abuse involves situations where a tamaiti has an injury or was at serious risk of injury. The harm could be deliberate or unintentionally result from a deliberate action.
Sexual abuse is any action where a tamaiti is used for a sexual purpose
Emotional abuse is when the mental health and social and/or emotional functioning and development of te tamaiti has been damaged by their treatment.
Neglect is failing to meet the basic needs of te tamaiti.
Te tamaiti can suffer serious harm when there are serious differences in the relationship between te tamaiti and their parent or caregiver, or between parents, guardians or caregivers of te tamaiti.
What distinguishes age-appropriate exploration from ‘harmful behaviour’ is the extent of the behaviour and the impact on te tamaiti.
Cumulative harm is the outcome of exposure to multiple episodes of abuse and/or neglect and/or family violence experienced by te tamaiti.
The emotional, psychological and physical wellbeing of te tamaiti can be affected when they’re exposed to family violence.
Unable or unwilling to care for or have abandoned te tamaiti
Parents are sometimes unable or unwilling to care for their tamaiti.