Upcoming changes for this content
This content will be strengthened so it more completely reflects our commitment to practice framed by te Tiriti o Waitangi, based on a mana-enhancing paradigm for practice, and drawing from Te Ao Māori principles of oranga to support mana tamaiti, whakapapa and whanaungatanga. We each need to consider how we can apply these principles to our practice when reading this content. The following resources provide support:
Practice for working effectively with Māori
Our practice shift
- What is the family housing stability — do they have temporary or permanent housing?
- Is the family receiving housing/accommodation support?
- What is the standard of housing the family living in — amenities/furniture, insulation/ventilation/heating, and maintenance /safety?
- What are the family’s living conditions — sanitation/hygiene, household crowding/sleeping and living space?
- What is the impact of the housing standard/living conditions on the family’s wellbeing?
10 — Housing meets the needs of the child or young person in their care.
5 — Housing is sometimes an issue and has some impact on their capacity to focus on positive parenting and meet the needs of the child or young person in their care.
1 — Overcrowding or substandard and unsafe housing. Homeless. Whānau or family is experiencing health-related conditions associated with poor housing.
Subdomain: Employment and financial resources
- What are the levels of income and ability to meet the needs of the family’s budget?
- Are family members receiving benefit entitlements?
- Does the family consider themselves to be good at managing their income — have they received any budgetary advice?
- What is the impact of the family financial status on the family wellbeing?
- How does the family use money available for the purpose of meeting children’s needs?
- How is work or absence of work viewed by the family?
Descriptors: employment and financial resources
10 — Employment (or lack of) supports ability to focus on positive parenting and needs of all whānau or family members. Financially secure and able to meet the needs of all whānau or family members.
5 — Employment (or lack of) has some impact on their ability to focus on positive parenting and meet the needs of child or young person in their care. Financial worries are up and down and focus is shifting to how they will manage. Is unavailable physically and/or emotionally to the child or young person as a result.
1 — Employment (or lack of)/income level/financial stress has a negative impact on their ability to focus on positive parenting and meet the needs of the child or young person in their care.
Subdomain: Basic needs
- To what extent do the family/caregiver resources meet the financial and housing needs of the mokopuna?
- If a young person is living independently how are their financial and housing needs being met?
Descriptors: basic needs
10 — Financial and housing needs are fully met by whānau or family, caregiver, or home for life family. Is employed or in receipt of a student loan or government benefit and is able to meet daily expenses. If living independently has positive and reliable support from whānau or family/caregiver/peers/disability support service.
5 — Financial situation is adequate in the short term but unsustainable in the long term. Is employed or in receipt of a government benefit but still mainly relies on adults to support them. Has some idea about saving, and how to budget but not proficient in this. Housing is adequate in the short term, but child or young person requires a more permanent living arrangement to meet needs in the long term.
1 — Financial situation does not meet basic needs. Has no independent means of financial support or has limited financial support but does not have adequate budgeting skills to manage. Offends to obtain money and/or material goods. Housing is unsafe and creates health concerns or does not meet their particular needs, eg no wheel chair access. Child or young person is living on the street.